The IB Primary Years Programme, for students aged 3 to 12, focuses on the
development of the whole child as an inquirer, both in the classroom and in the world
outside. It is a curriculum framework defined by six transdisciplinary themes of global
significance, explored using knowledge and skills derived from six subject areas, with
a powerful emphasis on inquiry-based learning.
• encourages international-mindedness in IB students
• encourages a positive attitude to learning by engaging students in inquiries
and developing their awareness of the process of learning so that they become
• reflects real life by encouraging learning beyond traditional subjects with
meaningful, in-depth inquiries into real issues
• emphasizes, through the learner profile, the development of the whole
student—physically, intellectually, emotionally and ethically.
The most significant and distinctive feature of the IB Primary Years Programme is the
six transdisciplinary themes. These themes are about issues that have meaning for,
and are important to, all of us. The programme offers a balance between learning
about and through the subject areas, and learning beyond them. The six themes of
global significance create a transdisciplinary framework that allows students to step
up beyond the confines of learning within subject areas.
• Who we are
• Where we are in place and time
• How we express ourselves
• How the world works
• How we organize ourselves
• Sharing the planet
Internal assessment is an important part of each unit of inquiry as it both enhances
learning and provides opportunities for students to reflect on what they know,
understand and can do. The teacher’s feedback to the students provides the guidance,
the tools and the incentive for them to become more competent, more skilled and
better at understanding how to learn.